Memory loss is one of the most common symptoms in dementia. Usually, the memory gradually becomes worse over time. You may experience that the person with dementia gets more and more confused or disorientated. Maybe the person forgets basic facts such as who other people are, where they are and what year it is, or confuses the past with the present. Avoid to draw attention to mistakes. For example, if you understand what the person is trying to communicate, don’t try to correct the mistake. Most likely they will just feel annoyed or embarrassed. If the person is willing and able to use memory aids, it’s possible to use lists, diaries, clocks etc. to help the person to remember, for example, dates or persons. As the dementia progresses, the person may become less able to understand what the aids are for. Stay calm. Although it can be painful that the person with dementia doesn’t recognize you or calls you by a different name, try not to get upset. Use simple and easy to understand explanation. Long explanations or statements can overwhelm the person with dementia. Try to use simple words and sentences and reduce the explanation to a minimum. Repeat the information regularly. Show photos or other reminders. Use photographs or other items to help the person remember important relationships and places. Avoid explanations that sound like corrections. Try to spin it around so the correction is more like a suggestion: "I thought it was a door" or "I think he is your husband." Try not to take it personally. Try to remember that it’s the disease that makes your loved one forget. Nevertheless, love and understanding will always be appreciated.Break new activities down into small steps and help the person to concentrate on one thing at a time.
Respond with a brief explanation
Keep information simple and repeat it frequently
Show photos or other reminders
Travel with the person to where s/he is in time
Offer corrections as suggestions
Try not to take it personally
Break new activities down into small steps
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